Cardiovascular & Cardiorespiratory


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a broad term used to describe diseases of the heart and blood vessels. This term covers strokes, heart failures, coronary heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, cardiomyopathies and peripheral heart diseases. CVD is one of Australia’s largest health problems, responsible for almost 1 in 3 (29% with CVD as the underlying cause of death in 2015) deaths and taking an Australian life every 12 minutes.

CVD is preventable in most cases, as a large number of its risk factors are minimised using lifestyle modification such as obesity and being overweight, smoking, hypertension (Chronic high blood pressure), hypercholesterolemia (Chronic high cholesterol), poor nutrition, insufficient physical activity and diabetes.

CVD VS Lifestyle Modification

 Improvement in physical activity and nutritional intake at any level have a proven association with reduced cardiovascular risk. This exercise and diet combination can also act to reverse the severity of almost all risk factors, making it an effective tool for both treatment and prevention of CVD that is available to everyone.

  • Is heart, stroke and blood vessel diseases.
  • Kills one Australian every 12 minutes.
  • Affects one in six Australians or 4.2 million.
  • Most people 65 years or over are currently living with long-term CVD.
  • CVD was the main cause for more than 575,800 hospitalisations in 2016/17.
  • Claimed the lives of 43,477 Australians (nearly 30% of all deaths) in 2017 – deaths that are largely preventable.
  • Lower socioeconomic groups, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and those living in remote areas had the highest rate of hospitalisation and death resulting from CVD in Australia.

To book in an Exercise Physiology consult and discuss treatment options book below or fill out the “We’ll call you” section.


Hypertension is where blood vessels have persistently raised pressure and can be diagnosed by your General Practitioner. Blood pressure is created by the force of blood flowing and pushing against the blood vessels (arteries) each time it is pumped by the heart. If pressure is high within the arteries, the heart has to then pump harder to overcome this pressure and keep blood flowing. Due to the high pressures and the cardiovascular system working harder, many organs can be affected like the heart, vessels, kidneys, eyes and the brain. It contributes to and can cause myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) and strokes. The heart muscle itself can undergo unfavourable changes and adaptations due to prolonged compensation to overcome the pressures. Modifiable factors include physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, a high salt diet, obesity, consumption of alcohol, and tobacco use. Exercise provides many benefits and regular exercise can decrease hypertension. Exercise can help decrease other factors contributing to hypertension such as aiding in stress management and obesity. On a physiological level, blood flowing through the blood vessels from exercise releases Nitric Oxide within the vessel wall. Nitric Oxide assists in keeping the blood vessel walls elastic and therefore aids to decrease pressure from rigid artery walls. An Exercise Physiologist will be able to provide you an appropriate program and information to assist in decreasing your hypertensive levels.

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