Cardiovascular & Cardiorespiratory


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a broad term used to describe diseases of the heart and blood vessels. This term covers strokes, heart failures, coronary heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, cardiomyopathies and peripheral heart diseases. CVD is one of Australia’s largest health problems, responsible for almost 1 in 3 (29% with CVD as the underlying cause of death in 2015) deaths and taking an Australian life every 12 minutes.

CVD is preventable in most cases, as a large number of its risk factors are minimised using lifestyle modification such as obesity and being overweight, smoking, hypertension (Chronic high blood pressure), hypercholesterolemia (Chronic high cholesterol), poor nutrition, insufficient physical activity and diabetes.

CVD VS Lifestyle Modification

 Improvement in physical activity and nutritional intake at any level have a proven association with reduced cardiovascular risk. This exercise and diet combination can also act to reverse the severity of almost all risk factors, making it an effective tool for both treatment and prevention of CVD that is available to everyone.

  • Is heart, stroke and blood vessel diseases.
  • Kills one Australian every 12 minutes.
  • Affects one in six Australians or 4.2 million.
  • Most people 65 years or over are currently living with long-term CVD.
  • CVD was the main cause for more than 575,800 hospitalisations in 2016/17.
  • Claimed the lives of 43,477 Australians (nearly 30% of all deaths) in 2017 – deaths that are largely preventable.
  • Lower socioeconomic groups, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and those living in remote areas had the highest rate of hospitalisation and death resulting from CVD in Australia.

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